on creation and application of a new method of active influence on atmospheric processes for managing weather conditions and prevention of extreme meteorological phenomena.
At the heart of the useful outcome of the project is the possibility to move from predictive meteorology to active weather adjustment.
The proposal is aimed at creating a ground-based robotic complex for active effects on atmospheric processes with the aim of adjusting weather conditions and preventing extreme weather events.
The complexes realize a new universal method of active influence on the nature and intensity of atmospheric processes and meteorological phenomena by means of remote control of the regimes of phase transitions of atmospheric moisture.
The method is based on the latest advances in the study of physical phenomena in atmospheric processes and implements a reverse thermoacoustic effect in atmospheric moisture-containing air. You can read more about the physical basis of the thermoacoustic effect in PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS.
We have applied for a patent for a physical idea and a method for its technical implementation (GB2008350.7).
The method of active exposure uses highly directional low-frequency acoustic radiation. Radiation parameters are controlled by a robotic system that collects information about the weather conditions and determines the exposure mode. The impact of this radiation on the atmosphere causes additional accumulation of moisture and thus initiates the formation of cumulus and cumulonimbus clouds.
The illustrations are a microphotograph of a droplet composition of a standard cloud environment in a fog chamber (top) and a microphotograph of the droplet composition of a cloudy medium in a fog chamber after 55 seconds of exposure under the same conditions (bottom).
The method is safe for the environment and the population since the calculated intensity of environmental impact does not exceed the intensity of natural and industrial acoustic noise. The method does not require the use of aviation with all the infrastructure, or missile and artillery systems.
The implementation of our project could reduce CO2e emissions by hundreds of millions of tons per year as a result of reducing energy consumption to compensate for the effects of weather and climate phenomena.
The physical effect confirmed in the fog chamber warrants the feasibility of multiple beneficial consequences. Elimination of heatwaves by adjusting weather conditions could significantly reduce household energy consumption, mainly by reducing the load on air conditioners and refrigerators, which consume up to 50% of household energy. Even more significant reductions in CO2e emissions may occur due to a reduction in the frequency and intensity of weather and climate anomalies that turn a colossal amount of organic matter into decaying rubbish and lead to enormous energy costs for restoration works.
The physical effect confirmed in fog chamber experiments suggests the feasibility of preventing the release of methane from melting permafrost and the generation of tens of millions of tons of CO2e from landscape fires.
The new method will allow:
- protecting cities from untimely or excessive precipitations;
- controlling the regimes of precipitation in arid and waterlogged areas;
- timely irrigation of crops;
- providing visibility in foggy in areas in airports, on the sea and river water areas, and motorways;
- regulating the formation of snow cover on the slopes of the mountains and the descent of avalanches.
The innovation is implemented using a ground-based robotic complex. The core elements of the complex include:
1. a system for collecting information about the meteorological situation in the region and weather reports from the relevant services and meteorological satellites;
2. a control system that analyses meteorological information and makes decisions about the practicability and nature of the acoustic impact on meteorological processes;
3. acoustic phase-active antenna array with autonomous acoustic modules located on the ground, generating low-frequency acoustic vibrations.
In particular, based on a new method of active influence on the atmosphere, an automatic system of protecting the US territory from extreme meteorological phenomena such as hurricanes and tornadoes can be created. To this end, robotic weather control systems should be located along the coast of the states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida, along the "hurricane alley" in northern Louisiana and the states of Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Illinois. Also along the east coast from New York to South Carolina to reduce the strength of the Atlantic hurricanes before they come ashore. Protecting all states exposed to hurricanes and tornadoes will require the creation of a system of 60-80 complexes.
Same way, for the UK the ability to prevent Atlantic cyclones from reaching land, causing floods and inundations that cost the nation billions of pounds would be beneficial. Systems of robotic ground complexes should be installed along the coast on the path of Atlantic cyclones and used to suppress cyclones by increasing precipitation in the water area and reducing convective activity in the cyclone core.